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Timor Leste





       Official Website: http://pdhj.org 



The Office of the Ombudsman for Human Rights and Justice or the Provedoria dos Direitos Humanos e Justica (PDHJ) is an independent institution that operates outside the government and reports to the National Parliament. Despite the newness of the concept of ombudsman among the Timorese, they expect it to play an important role on issues relating to human rights, good governance, clean government, and the fight against corruption within public institutions. Its establishment took a long process. The Law No. 7/2004 "Approving the Statute of the Office of the Ombudsman for Human Rights and Justice" was enacted by the National Parliament in April 2004, and came into force on 26 May 2004. The National Parliament appointed on 16 June 2005 the first holder of the office (known as the Provedor). Subsequently, the Provedor appointed two deputies (one focusing on Human Rights and Justice, and another on Good Governance and Anti- Corruption) in early July 2005. In March 2006, after nine months of preparation, the Office of the Ombudsman for Human Rights and Justice (Office of the Provedor from hereon) started to operate.

The 2002 Constitution provides that the Office of the Provedor shall be an "independent organ in charge to examine and seek to settle citizens' complaints against public bodies, certify the conformity of the acts with the law, prevent and initiate the whole process to remedy injustice." (Article 27.1) The 2001 National Development Plan, on the other hand, states that the raising of awareness of the citizens about their rights is one of its visions. The Office of the Provedor is mandated to protect the rights, liberties, and legitimate interests of persons affected by acts of government agencies or private contractors operating a public service or managing public assets on behalf of the government. It is also mandated to provide education on human rights and justice, and promote good practices in government entities. It has three specific areas of concern: human rights, good governance, and anti-corruption.

The law empowers the Office of the Provedor to promote, monitor, investigate cases, and provide advice on human rights and good governance; and to fight corruption and influence peddling. It also has the power to access facilities and premises; secure documents, equipments, goods or information for inspection; and interrogate any person who is related to the complaints before it.

The three main objectives of the Office of the Provedor are therefore the following:

  • First, increase the awareness of the people about human rights and justice, principles of good governance (including transparency, fairness, justice, discrimination and compliance with the law), human rights protection, and increase the accountability of the government and its agencies in the exercise of their authority.
  • Second, improve public ownership of the organs of governmental power; improve government performance in respecting and promoting human rights, in implementing good governance practices, and in fulfilling its human right duties and obligations derived from international treaties.
  • Third, combat corruption and nepotism, bad practices and human rights violations within the public agencies or by public agencies.


Ombudsman (or Provedor) for Human Rights and Justice

Dr. Sebastiao Dias Ximenes

Deputy Ombudsman for Human Rights and Justice

Mr. Silverio Pinto Baptista

Deputy Ombudsman for Good Governance and Anti-Corruption

Mr. Amandio de Sa Benevides











To combat and influence peddling, prevent maladministration, and protect and promote human rights and fundamental freedoms of natural and legal persons throughout the national territory. (Article 5, Law 2004/7 on the establishment of the PDHJ)

  • 11 January - international human trafficking awareness day
  • 20 February - world day of social justice
  • March - international women's month
  • 8 March - international women's day
  • 21 March - international day for the elimination of racial discrimination
  • 4 April - international day for mine awareness and assistance in mine action
  • 7 April - world health day
  • 3 May - world press freedom day
  • 15 May - international day of families
  • 17 May - international day against homophobia and transphobia
  • 21 May - world day of cultural diversity for dialogue and development
  • 5 June - world environment day
  • 20 June - world refugee day
  • 26 June - International Day In Support Of Victims Of Torture
  • 11 July - world population day
  • 9 August - international day of the world's indigenous people
  • 12 August - international humanitarian law day
  • 12 August - International Youth Day
  • 30 August - international day of victims of enforced disappearance
  • 8 September - international literacy day
  • 21 September - international day of peace
  • 1 October - international day for older persons/seniors
  • 2 October - international day of nonviolence
  • 11 October - international day of the girl child
  • 13 October - international day for disaster reduction
  • 17 October - international day for the eradication of poverty
  • 20 November - universal children's day
  • 1 December - world AIDS day
  • 3 December - international day of disabled persons
  • 10 December - international human rights day
  • 18 December - international migrant day